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Facial Moisturizers

Moisturizers or emollients are complex mixtures of chemical agents specially designed to make the external layers of the skin (epidermis) softer and more pliable. They increase the skin's hydration (water content) by reducing evaporation. They usually are available as commercial products for cosmetic and therapeutic uses, but can also be made at home using common pharmacy ingredients.


Skin Care Cosmetics: Think About Quality And Price


Getting skin care cosmetics that really make a difference in your skin results are sometimes worth paying a little more for. Of course, your particular needs will also guide you to more specific choices.


For example, if you are worried about the crows' feet that have mysteriously shown up near the corner of your eyes, you may want to choose skin care cosmetics that specialize in wrinkles around the eyes.


Skin Care Cosmetics: Some Have Dual Uses


There are some products that you can use at the same time as the products you need for your areas of concern - a popular example would be concealers. By combining the dual qualities of skin care cosmetic product like this, you're also going to save some time in the morning.


If you are looking for skin care cosmetics that also moisturize your skin at the same time, make sure to read the label on the bottle completely.


You can also ask the company for a copy of findings on the particular product in terms of if it is proven to moisturize the skin after use. This will give you a general idea of the type of product you are purchasing and can compare it with other products out there.


Unique Skin and Beneficial Products


There are products made for all types of skin because everyone's skin is different and needs different things to look its best. Once you've tried them and used the skin care cosmetics for about a week, you should start to see a difference in your skin.


If not, then perhaps this is not the best choice for you individually. You might also choose to use a sample for this time period instead of investing in a full-sized option. You will not be out a large amount of money if you ask the store for a trial sample just to see if the product is going to work.


Looking Around For The Lowest Price


Some people choose their skin care cosmetics based upon how much they cost. After looking at your income, you can start to shop around based on how affordable certain items are.


Do not purchase a 'fad' product that is out of your price range simply because it is getting a lot of media exposure. The level of buyer's remorse is going to exceed any satisfaction you get from the products.


It is a smart idea to discuss how much you want to spend with a sales clerk from the very beginning. The sales clerk will use your price range as a guide when picking out skin care cosmetics that fit your skin type needs and your budget needs.


You should not rush to buy skin care cosmetics until you find the right one for you; your beauty and your skin will thank you later. You'll know that you're getting everything your skin needs on a regular basis, and it's combined with cosmetics that help you look beautiful.


Facial moisturizers - It not a luxury


Preservation of normal skin


Moisturizers can be used to prevent the skin from becoming too dry or oily, such as with light, non-greasy water-based moisturizers. Such moisturizers often contain lightweight oils, such as cetyl alcohol, or silicone-derived ingredients, such as cyclomethicone.


Dry skin


For treating skin dryness, the most appropriate moisturizers are heavier, oil-based moisturizers that contain ingredients such as antioxidants, grape seed oil or dimethicone. For very dry, cracked skin, petrolatum-based products are preferable, as they are more lasting than creams and are more effective in preventing water evaporation.


Oily skin


For oily skin, moisturizers can still be useful after activities causing skin dryness, such as other skin care products and washing. For oily skin, water-based moisturizers that are specifically non-comedogenic are preferable, as there is less risk of comedo formation.


Aging skin


Appropriate moisturizers to keep aging skin soft and well hydrated are oil-based ones that contain petrolatum as the base, along with antioxidants or alpha hydroxy acids against wrinkles.


Sensitive skin


On sensitive skin (which otherwise is susceptible to skin irritations, redness, itching or rashes), it is preferable to use moisturizers which contain soothing ingredients such as chamomile or aloe, and that minimize potential allergens such as fragrances or dyes, as well as irritants such as acids.




In eczema it is generally best to match thicker ointments to the driest, flakiest skin. Light emollients such as aqueous cream may not have any effect on severely dry skin. Some common emollients for the relief of eczema include Oilatum, Balneum, Medi Oil, Diprobase, bath oils and aqueous cream. Sebexol, Epaderm ointment, Exederm and Eucerin lotion or cream may also be helpful with itching. Lotions or creams may be applied directly to the skin after bathing to lock in moisture. Moisturizing gloves (gloves which keep emollients in contact with skin on the hands) can be worn while sleeping. Generally, twice-daily applications of emollients work best. While creams are easy to apply, they are quickly absorbed into the skin, and therefore need frequent reapplication. Ointments, with less water content, stay on the skin for longer and need fewer applications, but they can be greasy and inconvenient.


Recently, ceramides, which are the major lipid constituent of the stratum corneum, have been used in the treatment of eczema. They are often one of the ingredients of modern moisturizers. These lipids were also successfully produced synthetically in the laboratory.


Mechanisms of action


Three methods are used to moisturize skin:


Occlusives: These work by forming a thin film on the surface of the skin to prevent loss of moisture.


Humectants: These attract water vapor from the air to moisturize the skin.


Restoration of deficient materials: These are more complex and try to restore natural moisturizing factors on the skin, such as amino-lipids.


Risks of moisturizers


Two factors have to be considered when assessing the safety of a moisturizer:


The safety of the ingredients it contains


The risk of bacterial contamination


A recent study discovered the application of certain moisturizers increases the incidence of skin cancer in high-risk mice, but these animals were subjected to UVB radiation in high doses over a long period of time prior to application of moisturizers. Four popular moisturizers were tested, providing the same result. It is not yet known if the same applies to humans. A fifth moisturizer, specially prepared without mineral oil and sodium lauryl sulphate, had no such effect. The researchers asked Johnson & Johnson to produce this cream for the study, which the pharmaceutical company later patented